South Carolina Studies
Standard 3-4: The student will demonstrate an
understanding of life in the antebellum period, the causes and effects of the Civil War, and the impact of Reconstruction
in South Carolina.
South Carolina played a key role in events that occurred before, during, and after
the Civil War; and those events, in turn, greatly affected the state. To understand South Carolina’s experiences during
this tumultuous time, the student will utilize the knowledge and skills set forth in the following indicators:
Indicators 3-4.1 Compare the economic conditions for various classes of people in South Carolina, including the elite, the
middle class, the lower class, the independent farmers, and the enslaved and free African Americans.
3-4.2 Summarize the development of slavery in antebellum South Carolina,
including the invention of the cotton gin and the subsequent expansion of and economic dependence on slavery.
3-4.3 Explain the reasons for South Carolina’s secession
from the Union, including the abolitionist movement and the concept of states’ rights.
3-4.4 Summarize the course of the Civil War in South Carolina, including
the Secession Convention, the firing on Fort Sumter, the Union blockade of Charleston, the significance of the Hunley submarine;
the exploits of Robert Smalls; and General William T. Sherman’s march through the state.
United States Studies to 1865
4-6: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes, the course, and the effects of the American Civil War.
Regional economic interests led to social and political differences that seemed insurmountable by 1860. To understand
why the United States was forced to settle sectional differences through civil war, the student will utilize the knowledge
and skills set forth in the following indicators:
4-6.1 Explain the significant economic and geographic
differences between the North and South.
4-6.2 Explain the contributions of abolitionists to the mounting
tensions between the North and South over slavery, including William Lloyd Garrison, Sojourner Truth, Frederick Douglass,
Harriet Tubman, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and John Brown.
4-6.3 Explain the specific events and issues that
led to the Civil War, including sectionalism, slavery in the territories, states’ rights, the presidential election
of 1860, and secession.
4-6.4 Summarize significant battles, strategies, and turning points
of the Civil War, including the battles of Fort Sumter and Gettysburg, the Emancipation Proclamation, the role of African
Americans in the war, the surrender at Appomattox, and the assassination of President Lincoln.
Explain the social, economic, and political effects of the Civil War on the United States.
3-4.5 Explain how the destruction caused by the Civil War affected the economy
and daily lives of South Carolinians, including the scarcity of food, clothing, and living essentials and the continuing racial
South Carolina: One of the United States
Standard 8-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the multiple events that led to the Civil War.
The outbreak of the Civil War was the culminating event in a decades-long series of regional issues that threatened
American unity and South Carolina’s identity as one of the United States. To understand how South Carolina came to be
at the center of this conflict, the student will utilize the knowledge and skills set forth in the following indicators:
8-4.1 Explain the importance of agriculture in antebellum South Carolina, including the plantation system and
the impact of the cotton gin on all social classes.
8-4.2 Analyze how sectionalism arose from racial
tension, including the Denmark Vesey plot, slave codes and the growth of the abolitionist movement.
8-4.3 Analyze key issues that led to South Carolina’s secession from the Union, including the nullification controversy
and John C. Calhoun, the extension of slavery and the compromises over westward expansion, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, the Dred
Scott decision, and the election of 1860.
8-4.4 Evaluate the arguments of unionists, cooperationists,
and secessionists on the issues of states’ rights and slavery and the ways that these arguments contributed to South
8-4.5 Compare the military strategies of the North and the South during
the Civil War and the fulfillment of these strategies in South Carolina and in the South as a whole, including the attack
on Fort Sumter, the Union blockade of Charleston and other ports, the early capture of Port Royal, and the development of
the Hunley submarine; the exploits of Robert Smalls; and General William T. Sherman’s march through the state.
8-4.6 Compare the differing impact of the Civil War on South Carolinians in each of the various social classes,
including those groups defined by race, gender, and age.
United States History and the Constitution
Standard USHC-2: The student will demonstrate
an understanding of how economic developments and the westward movement impacted regional differences and democracy in the
early nineteenth century.
Political conflict is often the result of competing social values and economic
interests. To understand how different perspectives based on differing interests and backgrounds led to political conflict
in the antebellum United States, the student will utilize the knowledge and skills set forth in the following indicators:
USHC-2.3 Compare the economic development in different regions (the South, the
North, and the West) of the United States during the early nineteenth century, including ways that economic policy contributed
to political controversies.
USHC-2.4 Compare the social and cultural characteristics of the North,
the South, and the West during the antebellum period, including the lives of African Americans and social reform movements
such as abolition and women’s rights.