Georgia Standards for the Early Explorers Program
SS3H1 Describe early American Indian cultures and their development
in North America.
a. Locate the regions where American Indians settled in North America:
Arctic, Northwest Southwest, Plains, Northeast, and Southeast.
b. Compare and contrast how American
Indians in each region used their environment to obtain food, clothing, and shelter.
Describe European exploration in North America.
a. Describe the reasons for and obstacles
to the exploration of North America.
b. Describe the accomplishments of: John Cabot (England), Vasco
Núñez de Balboa (Spain), Hernando de Soto (Spain), Christopher Columbus (Spain), Henry Hudson (The Netherlands),
and Jacques Cartier (France).
c. Describe examples of cooperation and conflict between European explorers
and American Indians.
SS3G2 Locate and describe the equator, prime meridian, and lines of
latitude and longitude on a globe.
SS3G3 Describe how physical systems affect human systems.
a. Explain why American Indian groups occupied the areas they did (SS3H1a), with emphasis on why some developed
permanent villages and others did not.
b. Describe how the early explorers (SS3H2a) adapted, or failed
to adapt, to the various physical environments in which they traveled.
c. Explain how the physical geography
of the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern colonies helped determine economic activities.
SS8H1 Evaluate the impact of European exploration
and settlement on American Indians in Georgia.
a. Describe the characteristics of American
Indians living in Georgia at the time of European contact; to include culture, food, weapons/tools, and shelter.
b. Explain reasons for European exploration and settlement of North America, with emphasis on the interests of
the Spanish and British in the Southeastern area.
c. Evaluate the impact of Spanish contact on American
Indians, including the explorations of Hernando DeSoto and the establishment of Spanish missions along the barrier islands