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History Through A Looking Glass

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Early Explorers Program

After the Spanish claimed discovery of the "New World" by Columbus, the race was on and the "Age of Discovery" was born.  Every major European power of the era was an eager participant in the search for untold riches and glory.  From the early Spanish exploration of DeSoto, Cortes, and Ponce deLeon, to the search for the Northwest passage by Henry Hudson; this presentation is related to the the audience in retropsect from the perspective of a settler of the Jamestown Colony in the newly claimed English territory of Virginia.

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Together with a colorful narrative constructed from first-hand accounts of the daily lives of the Jamestown settlers, this progrgram also intoduces the audience to the difficulties faced by our earliest English ancestors.  From droughts and famine to encounters with strange native people with bizzare customs.  Recent discoveries have added a new dimension to our understanding of our nations history.  A collection of everyday 17th century items will also give the opportunity for "hands-on" holding of the items by the students or audience.

*Although there is a segment on navigation, astronomy, and geometry, it regretfully does not cover any specific mathmatical standards to date.

Georgia Standards for the Early Explorers Program

Grade Three:

SS3H1 Describe early American Indian cultures and their development in North America. 

a. Locate the regions where American Indians settled in North America: Arctic, Northwest Southwest, Plains, Northeast, and Southeast. 

b. Compare and contrast how American Indians in each region used their environment to obtain food, clothing, and shelter. 

SS3H2 Describe European exploration in North America. 

a. Describe the reasons for and obstacles to the exploration of North America. 

b. Describe the accomplishments of: John Cabot (England), Vasco Núñez de Balboa (Spain), Hernando de Soto (Spain), Christopher Columbus (Spain), Henry Hudson (The Netherlands), and Jacques Cartier (France).

c. Describe examples of cooperation and conflict between European explorers and American Indians. 

SS3G2 Locate and describe the equator, prime meridian, and lines of latitude and longitude on a globe.

SS3G3 Describe how physical systems affect human systems. 

a. Explain why American Indian groups occupied the areas they did (SS3H1a), with emphasis on why some developed permanent villages and others did not. 

b. Describe how the early explorers (SS3H2a) adapted, or failed to adapt, to the various physical environments in which they traveled.

c. Explain how the physical geography of the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern colonies helped determine economic activities. 

 

 

Grade Eight:

SS8H1 Evaluate the impact of European exploration and settlement on American Indians in Georgia. 

a. Describe the characteristics of American Indians living in Georgia at the time of European contact; to include culture, food, weapons/tools, and shelter.   

b. Explain reasons for European exploration and settlement of North America, with emphasis on the interests of the Spanish and British in the Southeastern area.

c. Evaluate the impact of Spanish contact on American Indians, including the explorations of Hernando DeSoto and the establishment of Spanish missions along the barrier islands 

 

 

Grade 9 - 12:

SSUSH1 The student will describe European settlement in North America during the 17th century.

a. Explain Virginia’s development; include the Virginia Company, tobacco cultivation, relationships with Native Americans such as Powhatan, development of the House of Burgesses, Bacon’s Rebellion, and the development of slavery.

b. Describe the settlement of New England; include religious reasons, relations with Native Americans (e.g., King Phillip’s War), the establishment of town meetings and development of a legislature, religious tensions that led to colonies such as Rhode Island, the half-way covenant, Salem Witch Trials, and the loss of the Massachusetts charter.

c. Explain the development of the mid-Atlantic colonies; include the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam and subsequent English takeover, and the settlement of Pennsylvania.